ADLER, FRIEDRICH


ADLER, FRIEDRICH
ADLER, FRIEDRICH (1879–1960), prominent figure in the Austrian labor movement and secretary of the Socialist International. The son of victor adler , he was born in Vienna, studied physics in Switzerland, and lectured at Zurich University. Adler, who was baptized at the age of seven and later renounced Christianity, had no religion. Adler returned to Austria at the age of 32 and entered active political life. During World War I he attacked the policy of the Austrian government and criticized his own Socialist party for supporting it. In order to awaken the public conscience against the horrors of war he shot and killed Count Sturgkh, the prime minister, in a Vienna restaurant on October 21, 1916, and was sentenced to death. His sentence was commuted to 18 years imprisonment, and, under the amnesty which followed the fall of the monarchy in 1918, he was released. Adler was one of the founders of the left-wing International Working Union of Socialist Parties in 1921. From 1923 to 1939 he acted as secretary of the Labor and Socialist International. During World War II he lived in the United States but returned to Europe after the defeat of Germany. While he had many contacts with Zionist Socialists and although he had a Jewish marriage, he believed in assimilation and opposed Jewish national aspirations. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Braunthal, Victor und Friedrich Adler (1965). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Biographisches Handbuch der deutschsprachigen Emigration, 1 (1980), 6–7, incl. bibl.; R. Ardelt, Friedrich Adler. Probleme einer Persönlichkeitsentwicklung um die Jahrhundertwende (1984). (Robert Weltsch)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ADLER, FRIEDRICH — (1878–1942), German designer of arts and crafts. Born in Laupheim, Southern Germany, Adler went to Munich to study at the Royal School for Applied Arts at the age of 16. In the world of Munich art nouveau Adler was especially influenced by the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Friedrich Adler (Politiker) — Friedrich (Fritz) Adler Friedrich Adler (* 9. Juli 1879 in Wien; † 2. Jänner 1960 in Zürich) war ein Politiker in der österreichischen Sozialdemokratischen Arbeiterpartei (SDAP) und Naturwissenschafter. 1916 erschoss er den österreichischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Adler (Baurat) — Friedrich Adler Friedrich Adler, Fotografie von Paul Graef au …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Adler (Schriftsteller) — Friedrich Adler (* 13. Februar 1857 in Amschelberg; † 2. Februar 1938 in Prag) war ein österreichischer und tschechoslowakischer Schriftsteller, Übersetzer und Jurist. Adler gehörte zu den führenden deutschsprachigen Schriftstellern des Prags der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich August Graf Rutowski — Friedrich August Graf Rutowski, Porträt von Nicolas de Largillière, um 1729, heute im Detroit Institute of Arts …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich August Rutowsky — Friedrich August Graf Rutowski, Porträt von Nicolas de Largillière, um 1729, heute im Detroit Institute of Arts …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich August Rutowski — Friedrich August Graf Rutowski, Porträt von Nicolas de Largillière, um 1729, heute im Detroit Institute of Arts …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben — Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, von Charles Willson Peale Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben, auch bekannt als Baron Steuben (* 17. September 1730 in Magdeburg, Herzogtum Magdeburg; † 28. November 1794 in Utica, New …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Christoph Perthes — (April 21, 1772–May 18, 1843) was a German publisher, nephew of Johan Georg Perthes.Perthes was born at Rudolstadtin Schwarzburg Rudolstadt. At the age of fifteen he became an apprentice in the service of Adam Friedrich Bohme, a bookseller in… …   Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Adler (homme politique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Friedrich Adler. Friedrich Adler (également Fritz, Vienne 1879 Zurich 1960), physicien et homme politique socialiste. Friedrich Adler était le fils aîné de Victor Adler, médecin et homme politique influent qui… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.